The bright spots of Ceres, as we had never seen before.
More than 200 years ago we first discovered the dwarf planet Ceres, although it was initially considered a comet, until in 2006, when the dwarf planet category was created, it got into it.
Located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, the observation of Ceres has always intrigued astronomers, mainly because bright spots have been detected on its surface. Now NASA shows us the more detailed images till the date.
This is Ceres, the dwarf planet
In 2007, NASA launched the Dawn space probe (Dawn mission, which is more beautiful in Spanish). Dawn first headed to the asteroid Vesta, which she studied for a year, for three years after reaching Ceres’ orbit with complete success (this was the first dwarf planet exploration mission in history).
A few weeks ago, from the La Silla de Chile Observatory, intriguers were detected changes in bright spots on the surface of Ceres, hinting that these points will be made of a volatile material, which will evaporate in sunlight (the planet takes about 9 hours to make a complete turn).
Now NASA publishes images of the great bright spot of Ceres, the most detailed we have ever seen. They have been taken by the Dawn probe just 385 kilometers from the surface and it will be the closest it comes in the entire mission, so it is likely that we will not have other better captures in years.
Specifically, the observations show the area of the crterOccator and with them they try to learn more about how it was formed. The crankcase geometry suggests that it may have undergone geological activity recent,And of course, its surface of bright spots is what intrigues scientists the most.
The bright spots of Ceres
What are Ceres’ mysterious bright spots? The experts’ analyzes indicate that it could be a substance called Hexahydrite, a magnesium sulphate. They say that the asteroids that hit Ceressa expose a layer of frozen salty water, which will turn into gas with the Sun, leaving the Heahydrite.
Color maps and more details of the dwarf planet have also been released to help you get to know it. In the long term, the Chinese Space Agency plans to launch a probe to Ceres, which will return to Earth with samples from the planet, to be in the 2020s, but there is no confirmed date.